Over the course of thirty years, Hermann Samuel Reimarus () secretly drafted what would become the most thorough attack on revelation to date. REIMARUS, HERMANN SAMUEL (–), German theologian and philosopher. Son of a scholar, grandson of a clergyman, student and son-in-law of J. A. Whilst Hermann Samuel Reimarus has justly received a chapter in the history of biblical criticism, he has lacked a dedicated treatment of his.
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Fabriciuswhose son-in-law he subsequently became. Learn more about citation styles Citation styles Encyclopedia.
Strauss has given an exhaustive analysis of the whole work in his book on Reimarus. Lessing’s third excerpt in Fragments”On the Passing of the Israelites Through the Red Sea,” is said to be “one of the ablest, wittiest and most acute which has ever been written. He was educated by his father and by the scholar, J.
Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. He recognized that the introduction of the historical element would transform and deepen rationalism. He held that the Messianic ideal which dominated the preaching of Jesus was that of the political reimafus, the son of David. The nation was the Son of God; the kings of the covenant-people were Sons of God; the Messiah eeimarus in a pre-eminent sense the Son of God.
Miracles are at variance with rekmarus divine purpose; without miracles there could be no revelation. Pfleiderer’s critiques of Reimarus were that he rdimarus historical and literary criticism, sources of documents and the narratives that were said to be either purely divine or purely human. The only Life of Jesus written prior to the time of Reimarus which has any interest for heermann, was composed by a Jesuit in the Persian language. Moreover, the Bible was not a doctrinal compendium, or catechism, which a true revelation would have to be.
For if they had given up anything on His account, it was only in order to receive it again an hundredfold when they should openly take their places in the eyes of all the world as the friends and ministers of the Messiah, as the rulers remarus the twelve tribes of Israel. This essay is not only one of the greatest events in the history of criticism, it is also a masterpiece of general literature. But what matters the mistake in comparison with the fact that the problem was really grasped? By falling back upon the second form of the Jewish Messianic hope.
Wikiquote has quotations related to: Hermann Samuel Reimarus 22 DecemberHamburg — 1 MarchHamburgwas a German philosopher and writer of the Enlightenment who is remembered for his Deismthe doctrine that human reason can arrive at a knowledge of God and ethics from a study of nature and our own internal reality, thus eliminating the need for religions based on revelation.
Although he reimars offered more lucrative positions by other schools, he held this post until his death. Even when they had been sent out without wallet or money they had not lacked. He denied the supernatural origin of Christianity and was the first influential critic to investigate the historical Jesus.
Two of the five rei,arus of the first part and the whole of the second part, as well as appendices hermanm the canon, remain unprinted. Commentarii in epistulas Pauli. He avenged himself on Semler by shaking his faith in historical theology and even in the freedom of science in general. Twice He be- lieved that it was near at hand. W hilst Hermann Samuel Reimarus has justly received a chapter in the history of biblical criticism, he has lacked a dedicated treatment of his work and methods until recently.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia. Reimarus was educated by his sakuel and by the scholar J.
Hermann Samuel Reimarus – Wikipedia
So we cannot be sure about the origin of Baptism, though we can be sure of its meaning. The standpoint of the Apologie is that of pure naturalistic deism.
Reimarus’s reputation as a scholar rests on the valuable edition of Dio Cassius which he prepared from the materials collected by J. In Lessing began to publish the most important portions of it, and up to had published seven fragments, thereby involving himself in a quarrel with Goetze, the Chief Pastor of Hamburg. Lessing’s position, in turn, influenced Kierkegaard, who maintained that Christian truth is established independently of one’s estimate of the historical origins of Christianity by God’s act in the moment, though history occasions that moment.
In truth they are at best merely doing the preliminary spade-work of history, collecting for a future historian the dry bones of fact, from which, with the aid of his natural gift, he can recall the past to life. Citing articles via Google Scholar. His purpose did not embrace them.
PP5, at Google Books2nd ed. It furthers the University’s objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. And withal, there is dignity and serious purpose; Reimarus’ work is no pamphlet. Modern Language Association http: Email alerts New issue alert.
Theologians viewed these publications as a serious challenge to religious orthodoxy, even though Lessing himself had taken up a mediating position toward the radical theses of Reimarus, who had rejected the basic…. Seldom has there been a hate so eloquent, so lofty a scorn; but then it is seldom that a work has been written in the just consciousness of so absolute a superiority to contemporary opinion.
Hermann Samuel Reimarus (1694-1768)
His duties were light; and he employed his leisure in the study of philologymathematicsphilosophyhistorypolitical economyscience and natural historyfor which he made large collections. He lived during the period of the German Enlightenment, amidst the evolving discussion of the relation between reason and revelation. It is useless to appeal to the miracles, any more than to the “Sacraments,” as evidence for the founding of a new religion. He held that smauel essential truths of natural religion were the existence of a wise and good Creator and the immortality of the soul, truths which were discoverable by reason and could constitute the basis samul a universal religion.
Appointed professor of Hebrew and Oriental languages at hermmann Hamburg Gymnasium, or preparatory schoolinReimarus made his house a cultural centre and meeting place for learned and artistic societies. He published a work on logic Vernunftlehre als Anweisung zum richtigen Gebrauche der Vernunft, 5th ed. He felt that merely to emphasise the part played by eschatology would not suffice, but that hwrmann was necessary to assume a creative element in the tradition, to which he ascribed the miracles, the stories which turn on the fulfilment of Messianic prophecy, the universalistic traits and the predictions of the sqmuel and the resurrection.
In the course of the night it would have burned down, and set fire hemann the stairs. The intention of the writers of the New Testamentas well as that of Jesuswas not to teach true rational religion, but to promote their own selfish ambitions with an amazing combination of conscious fraud and enthusiasm.