STYLISTIC FOREGROUNDING. Definitions and concepts. • Foreground is a term usually used in art, having opposite meaning to background. • It’s a very. The theory of FOREGROUNDING is probably the most important theory within Stylistic Analysis, and foregrounding analysis is arguably the most important part . Foregrounding, in poetry is a way to make it stand out from ordinary writing. Foregrounding is when you manipulate words or sentences to be put in such a way.
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Ling , Topic 3 (session A)
Cummings there are two types of deviation:. The Prague School and Theories of Structure p. In the following poem by E. Another way is to introduce extra linguistic patterning into a text.
They stand out perceptually as a consequence of the fact that they DEVIATE graphologically from the text which surrounds them in a number of ways. So, for example, if you look at the last three sentences of the previous paragraph you should feel that they are parallel to one another.
This would be an example of a deviation from a secondary norm.
Foregrounding can occur on all levels of language foregrouncing phonologygraphologymorphologylexissyntaxsemantics and pragmatics. Parallelism can be described as unexpected regularity, while deviation can be seen as unexpected irregularity. The first two are very similar parallelism and the third one starts out as similar, but our expectations are thwarted when it turns out different in end deviation.
They have the same overall grammatical structure grammatical parallelism and some of the words are repeated in identical syntactic locations. Nursery rhymesadverts and slogans often exhibit parallelism in the form of repetition and rhymebut parallelism can also occur over longer texts.
The other words are visually stable but they are irregular. To sum up, we can say that: Foregrounding is the practice of making something stand out from the surrounding words or images.
This page was last edited on 6 Novemberat The other words are black but they are multi colour ed. This context can be relatively narrow, such as the immediate textual surroundings referred to as a ‘secondary norm’  or wider such as an entire genre referred to as a ‘primary norm’ .
Wikipedia articles needing clarification from June The other words are in lower case, but they are capitalised. The words ‘ foreground ‘ and ‘ foregrounding ‘ are themselves foregrounded in the previous paragraph. Note that lots of the things we explored in terms of special meanings and effects in the analysis of particular texts and textual extracts in Topics 1 and 2 can be re-cast in terms of deviation, parallelism and foregrounding.
The most common way of introducing this extra patterning is by repeating linguistic structures more often than we would normally expect to make parts of texts PARALLEL with one another. You may stylistisc it helpful, after you have found out more about these topics, to revisit those earlier parts of this website and think about them in terms of foregrounding theory.
For example, jokes are often built on a mixture of parallelism and deviation. Something can only sylistics unexpectedly regular or irregular within a particular context. Views Read Edit View history.
In addition, there is secondary deviation in that the penultimate line is unexpectedly different from the rest of the poem. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. One way to produce foregrounding in a text, then, is through linguistic deviation.
For example, the last line of a poem with a consistent metre may be foregrounded by changing the number of syllables it contains. There are two main types of foregrounding: